Adams 2010, 51 (Qasr Ibrim: The Earlier Medieval Period) notes, "One ecclesiastical history speaks of seven bishoprics in the united kingdom of Makouria and Nobadia... but only five cathedrals have been identified archaeologically. They are Philae, Qasr Ibrim, Gebel Adda, Faras [Faras West], and Old Dongola." The ecclesiastical history in question cites a manuscript in the possession of the bishop of Assiut in the 1670s, which named the seven sees as Kourte, Ibrim, Faras, Dongola, Sai, Termus and Scienkur. See el-Shaheed 1998, 14 for discussion of other Nubian sees: Vansleben (1677) includes six from "Albadia" (Alwa?), namely Borra, Gugara, Martin, Arodias, Banazi and Menkesa, and four from "Niexamitis" (?), namely Soper, Coucharin, Takchi and Amankul. The original Copto-arabic list on which Wansleben’s account was based has been recently (re)discovered and will be edited in a forthcoming volume (see Seignobos, forthcoming), together with two other unpublished lists of bishoprics (one in Coptic, the other in Arabic). The differences between these three documents suggest that the situation described in the list used by Wansleben was not valid for the whole Medieval period and that Nubian ecclesiastical hierarchy may have experienced significant changes over time.
Bishops of Dongola
- d. 1113. Lajtar 2002.
- Ioannes (?)
- XII? Qasr Ibrim Photo Sheet 1964P14.
- XII? P.QI inv. 188.8.131.52 (V. 74.12/5-6)
- After 1272. Qasr Ibrim's Archive 1: P.QI.4.67; A Marturokoudda land-purchase; also names bishop of Ibrim.
- 1286. Qasr Ibrim's Archive 1: P.QI.4.64. A Gourresi land-purchase; also names bishop of Ibrim.
- c. 1333. Qasr Ibrim's Archive 1: P.QI.4.66. King Siti's land decree; drafted at Dongola?
- Unknown date. Qasr Ibrim Photo Sheet 1976V13.
Bishops of Faras
Despite Faras's submersion following the building of the Aswan High Dam, the see is still claimed by the Coptic church's Titular Bishop of the Great and Ancient Metropolis of Nubia, who is styled Bishop of Faras of Nobatia. The current ordinary is Bishop Sarapamon (Serapis Amon).
- c. 620
- late 7th c.
- d. 709 or 719
- d. 730
- d. 31 May 766
- d. 23 January 802
- d. 809 (?)
- c. 820
- d. 827 (?)
- 827-862, d. 16 July 862
- d. 866
- d. 902
- d. 903 (not a metropolitan bishop?)
- d. 13 August 923
- d. 14 July 926
- 6 August 952
- d. 12 December 972
- d. 20 July 999
- d. 21 September 1005
- d. 11 November 1036
- d. 1 July 1056
- Petros II
- d. 22 May 1062
- d. 14 August 1097
- d. 5 May 1130
- d. 4 June 1175? Verify: see Iesou, d. c. 1159: Łajtar 2003a.
- After 1170s. P.QI 3.57.
- d. 31 March 1193 (?); but see now van der Vliet JJP 37 deleting this bishop.
- c. 1286. EA 90227.
- Before Timotheos.
- consecrated in 1372
- Jakobielski, S. A Chronology of the Bishops of Faras.
- Michalowski, K. FARAS.
- Based on wikipedia article http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Coptic_Diocese_of_Faras.
Bishops of Ibrim
- VI/VII. I.Qasr Ibrim 2.
- c. X? See discussion at I.Qasr Ibrim page 66.
- d. c. 993/994 AD. I.Qasr Ibrim 18.
- XI? Hagen 2009.
- d. 1110, reigned for 9 years. I.Qasr Ibrim 19.
- First half of XII? d.c. 1125? I.Qasr Ibrim 20. 15 years on the throne.
- d. 1132 AD. I.Qasr Ibrim 21. Enthroned c. 1125.
- 1155, 1199, 1200 AD. P.QI 3, P.QI inv. 84.2.20/39.
- 1191 AD. P.QI 3.
- XII? P.QI 2.25 et alia unpub. in the Israel dossier.
- 1286. Qasr Ibrim Archive 1: P.QI.4.64.
- 1333. Qasr Ibrim Archive 1: P.QI.4.68.
- 1464. Qasr Ibrim Archive 1: P.QI.4.63.
Bishops of Kourte
- X/XI. I.Khartoum Copt. 17.
- d. 1154. I.Qasr Ibrim 24.
Bishops of Philae
Bishops of Sai
- Before IX? Cat no. 9.
- c. 800. I.Fitz 115. Cat no. 1.
- 884/885? Cat no 7.
- d. 1054. I.Khartoum Copt. 27, database no 540, cat no. 2.
- XI/XII. RdÉ 24 (1972): 20-24; cf. Symeon)
- 1123/1124? Cat no. 5.
- XI/XII. See van der Vliet, ZPE 164 (2008): 157-158. Cat no. 4.
- Catalogue citations refer to “Medieval Funerary Inscriptions from Sai Island” forthcoming in CRIPEL.
Bishops of Unknown Sees
- After 1186? Adams 1996, 227-229 (unpub.)
- XII? P.QI inv. 74.1.30/6(10)
- 64/24 (1)