Roger of Wendover

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Roger of Wendover

(c. 1235)

Flowers of History.

English monk at St. Albans.


The chiefs in Acre under Saladin were as follow: — Caracos, who had been made a knight by Corboran at the siege of Antioch, and who had also brought up Saladin, and with him Gemaladin, Gurgi, Suchar, Simcordoedar, Belhagessemin, Fecardincer, and Cerantegadin. The chiefs of the army were these: his four brothers, Saphadin, Felkedin, Sefelselem, Melkalade; his three sons, Miralis, Melcaleth, Melcalezis; his two nephews, Techaedin and Benesemedin, and the chiefs Coulin, Elaisar, Bederim, and Mustop Hazadinnersel. All these chiefs held authority over the provinces of Joramma, Kotassia, Bira, the Persians, the Turks, the Hemsiensians, Alexandria, Damietta, Aleppo, and Damascus, and of all the country beyond the Euphrates, extending to the Red Sea, and beyond it towards Barbary. Metalech ruled over Babylon, and to the four brothers of Saladin were entrusted the provinces of Abesia, Leeman, the Moors, Nubia, Caesarea, Ascalon, Amira, Bedreddin, Amirasen, Nazareth, Neopolis, Camele, Mustoplice, and Maruch; Hazadinneassar had charge of Mount Royal, Crach, Corisin, and part of Armenia, but Saladin was the sovereign ruler over all of them.

How the battering engines of the Christians were burned by the Saracens.

Selected editions

Roger of Wendover’s Flowers of History, trans. J. A. Giles (2 volumes. London: 1849).