A massively fortified settlement on the east bank of the Nile, 77 km upriver from Philae. The settlement, including its fortification wall, may have dated from late pre-Christian times. Both the fortification plan and the layout of the interior houses were much less regular than in the case of Ikhmindi. Occupation certainly dated into Classic Christian times, as indicated by the typology of the churches. Site was partially excavated by an expedition from the University of Rome in 1960.
Primary Sources: Bresciani et al. 1962; Deichmann and Grossmann 1988, 8-10, 57-66.
(Contributed by William Y. Adams.)